The history of the Ile-Alatau State National Nature Park began in 1931, when the Almaty State Nature Reserve was established in the Zailiyskiy Alatau.
Initially, it occupied 15 thousand hectares in the Malaya Almatinka river valley. In 1935, after an increase of the covered area up to 40 thousand hectares, and later up to 856,7 thousand hectares, it became known as Alma-Ata State Nature Reserve, already covering the whole ridge of the Zailiyskiy Alatau. Regular research of the flora, typology of forests, birds and mammals have been conducted in this area.
The initiators of the Ile-Alatau National Park were the famous Kazakhstani scientists – botanists, zoologists and soil scientists, including members of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Bykov B.A., Gvozdev E.V. and Baytulin I.O.
They were well aware of the need to preserve the unique forest ecosystems with domination of relict Schrenk spruce and «RedBook» hardwoods – Malus sieversii and wild apricot. The first priority under the constantly growing influx of the tourists and visitors was given to the preservation of all natural complexes with all elements of biodiversity, as well as glaciers, lakes and mountain rivers that provide water for Almaty and many other settlements.
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